Thursday, June 18, 2015

Seed Balls for Dry and Arid Areas







We (105 children, my colleagues and me) were trying many methods to see some plants grow in the commonlands of Chittoor and Ananthapur but in dry and semi-arid areas where rainfall is highly unpredictable, this made the survival of planted sapling a TOUGH job.
Recently we tried a very old method for re-vegetation, Seedball distribution.
What is a seed ball?
Seed balls, simply put, are a method for distributing seeds by encasing them in a mixture of clay and compost.
Story of seed balls
The seed ball method has been working for centuries. The earliest records of aerial reforestation date back from 1930. In this period, planes were used to distribute seeds over certain inaccessible mountains in Honolulu after forest fires. Seed bombing is also widely used in Africa; where they are put in barren or simply grassy areas. Natural farming pioneer Masanobu Fukuoka has experimented with them.
What is it for?
Seed balls are useful for seeding dry, thin and compacted soils and for reclaiming derelict ground. Seed balls are particularly useful in dry and arid areas where rainfall is highly unpredictable. Most seeds are very light and there is risk of them being blown away by the wind, making them unsuitable for launching long distances.
How does if help?
When sufficient rain has permeated the clay, the seeds inside sprout and are aided by the nutrients and beneficial soil microbes surrounding them.  Seeds will remain dormant until their environmental needs are met with these factors: water, correct temperature and a good position to grow in.
Most seeds are light and there is risk of some of them being blown away by the wind. The compost offers nutrients for the seeds to germinate and grow strong during their infancy (seedling stage) and the clay binds the seed balls, making it hard enough not to break when it hits the ground. Seed balls have use in nearly any region where plants can grow: for reseeding ecosystems into areas of man-made deserts, avoiding seed eating insects and animals and protecting seeds until rains fall to soak the clay ball and stimulate the seeds.  Seeds contained in such balls then germinate in ideal conditions for each climate/region. It is ultimately one of ways the seeds get dispersed.

Download the .ppt that we used for training from this link- http://1drv.ms/1SqVLrn
See this shot clip made with pictures of us (only children)- https://youtu.be/044NsoX647k


Monday, June 1, 2015

A page for forest fire



1. This video show the destruction of my home texas.- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqr2DNaMLiQ
2. Video shot by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department shows how quickly a wildfire is moving through Bastrop State Park. At least two-thirds of the 6,000 acre park have burned. (Sept. 6)- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m67ZokFYl2A
3. Camera captures video and temperature as a high-intensity crown fire rolls through. From the International Crown Fire Modeling Experiments in the Northwest Territories. (2000)- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvPa_yEEd4E
4.An overview of the International Crown Fire Modeling Experiments in Canada's Northwest Territories. (1997)- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYup7cYKE3w
5. An overgrown canyon goes up in a firestorm as firefighters pull out in this major brush fire in Southern California. There is little they can do to save homes nestled amongst old timber growth without proper brush clearance. We stay as homes burn. Listen to the hiss of propane tanks and the pop of live ammo going off towards the end of the clip.- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XsfwiRfvB80
6. Malibu goes up yet again in this most recent incident (11-24-07). Footage shows homes burning as residents and firefighters do what they can to save what has not yet taken off. Additional footage shows fire advancing through upper Latigo Canyon in fuel strands that have not burned in 50 years...This is not footage that was taken off the television - this is footage that was shot right from the firelines by the poster.- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MkE7mVXf_GM
7. 9-11-2013 A grass/ bushfire started on bringelly rd and travelled fast towards Camden valley way . the fire was stopped by helicopters and also the hard work of fire rescue and the rfs- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QC-dsOxS9d0
8. Night scenes of a forest fire with huge flames. Watch the vehicle lights of Hellenic Firefight Service as flames approaching them. Listen to the terrible "noise" a forest fire is making.- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTTCvEgmjjo
9. Here is three hours of a crackling log fire in high quality sound. Its a blazing hot one for all my fellow pyros out there. Use headphones if you want to hear the holophonics of this soundscape. I will be posting more soundscapes soon, thanks and enjoy.- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=25SV6zqTl1k











Professor. Hitesh V. Bhatt

Professor. Hitesh V. Bhatt 

Hitesh Bhatt works in IRMA. Prior to joining IRMA, he was Head of the Centre for Management Studies at Dharmsinh Desai University in Nadiad, Gujarat. He started his career with Reliance Textile Industries Limited in 1979 and has a total of 18 years of industrial experience - of which 8 years is as CEO/Country Head of large organisations in India and in Tanzania (you can hear the story from- http://1drv.ms/1ENf04V - Personal life and work life). Apart from Reliance, he has worked in Mafatlal group of mills, Sunflag group of textile and garment factories in Tanzania, Kenya and UK, and finally a joint venture company (Indo-Bhutanese-South Korean) in Sanand, Gujarat. During this period, he set up of 2 large textile mills and revived another textile & garment factory (employing over 2500 persons) from near closure to a position of envy in East Africa. Since 2001, that factory is the most efficient operation in the entire East Africa. He started his academic career in 1995 with IRMA as an Associate Professor and since then has been involved in teaching, training and consulting in diverse areas. He has trained different cadres of persons in a variety of organisations government, non government, cooperatives, dairy unions, industrial units, educational institutions and corporate. He has delivered talks in a number of organisations both in India and overseas on diverse topics. Ref: https://www.irma.ac.in/ifaculty/facultydetails.php?fid=308

Link to some of his talks and photographs are here, apologies for the disturbances during recording that reduced the quality of audio: http://1drv.ms/1PYVgHu

Saneesh